Generally, dry skin is a benign skin condition. Although it’s not often threatening, it may be itchy and give a flaky texture to the skin. 

You can determine if the skin is dry just by observing it. Dry skin can be rugged or scaly, cracking or flaky, or a combination of the two. Additionally, dryness is just one sign of dry skin. Other symptoms include itchiness, pain, irritation, and bleeding.

Causes Of Dry Skin 

Dry skin can be caused by a variety of factors, and it can impact anybody. Fortunately, dermatologists can help with these problems by figuring out the causes of dry skin and then recommend ways to manage it. 

Below are several common causes of dry skin: 

1. Aging 

When people age, their skin gradually thins and sheds moisture. This is a common transition that happens as part of the natural aging phase, which entails many skin adjustments. As a consequence, many individuals above the age of 40 need to use a moisturizer on a daily basis to avoid dry skin. 

2. Genetics 

Dry skin may be hereditary. Gene mutations that regulate the synthesis of filaggrin have been linked to a variety of skin disorders. Filaggrin is a protein involved in the formation and hydration of the skin barrier.  

Individuals with these gene mutations have drier skin and have more chances of getting eczema. If you think you have these or dry skin is prevalent in your family, you must moisturize every day. 

3. Weather 

Individuals living in places with a dry climate are more prone to suffer from dry skin. This is because the atmosphere depletes the skin’s moisture. 

The cold weather also causes dry skin. Lower temperature draws out moisture from the skin, which may result in dry and dehydrated skin. This is a fairly normal occurrence, and it’s also referred to as the winter itch.

4. Health Conditions 

Individuals who have skin problems in the past, like psoriasis or eczema, are more prone to develop dry skin. This is because of the alteration in the skin’s structure that makes it easier for moisture to escape, increasing the risk of dry skin. 

In these situations, it’s necessary to use moisturizers designed specifically for delicate skin. It’s also essential to consult with a dermatologist to address the root cause of dry skin. 

5. Harsh Cleansing Products 

Cleansing products, such as soap, strip excess oils and debris from the skin. The problem with these products is that they can’t differentiate between excess oils and natural sebum, which the skin needs.

Furthermore, soap additives, such as sulfates and scents, may be harmful and drying. Harsh products may damage the skin layer, making it more prone to drying out. Even if you don’t use abrasive products, frequent washing and rinsing may also remove natural oils on the skin. 

6. Hot Water Bath 

Though many people love hot showers or baths, these may have an adverse effect on the skin. Showers that are too hot are a significant contributor to the skin’s dryness. Hot water may strip away moisture in the skin, causing it to become drier and more irritated. 

It’s recommended to take hot showers not longer than 10 minutes. The skin should be also patted dry rather than rubbed to prevent more skin dryness. 

7. Hard Tap Water 

Heavy concentrations of calcium and magnesium make tap water ‘hard.’ When used for bathing, these minerals may leave a coating on the skin, causing it to become dry. This is because heavy mineral thickens skin oils, which clog the glands, blocking the absorption of moisture in the skin. 

8. Insufficient Water Intake 

Dehydration is another cause of dry skin. Your skin draws out moisture from the water you take. It’s important to maintain proper hydration in order to keep fluid flowing effectively across the capillaries of the skin.

Along with drinking plenty of water, a diet high in good fats may also help boost the skin’s ability to retain moisture. 

9. Medication 

Numerous drugs, both over-the-counter or prescribed, trigger dry skin as a side effect. Acne medications like benzoyl peroxide work to dry the skin, which is essential for their function. Some drugs used for treating other disorders may also cause the skin to dry. Chemotherapy, for example, may cause several problems on your skin. 

10. Over-exfoliation 

Exfoliating is unquestionably a critical aspect of one’s skin-care regimen, but it’s possible to overdo it. Dermatologists advise limiting it to two times a week at most, and perhaps less often for dry skin. 

Takeaway: Consult A Dermatologist

Chronic or serious dry skin conditions necessitate consultation with a dermatologist. They may analyze and determine causes, as well as include the appropriate care. 

The simplest remedy for dry skin is usually moisturizers or serums. However, if appropriate, dermatologists may recommend corticosteroids in conjunction with other skin disorders.